OTC securities comprise a wide range of financial instruments and commodities. Financial instruments traded over-the-counter include stocks, debt securities, and derivatives. Stocks that are traded over-the-counter usually belong to small companies that lack the resources to be listed on formal exchanges. However, sometimes even large companies’ stocks are traded over-the-counter.
Derivatives represent a substantial part of over-the-counter trading, which is especially crucial in hedging risks using derivatives. The lack of limitations on the quantity and quality of traded items allows the parties involved in the trading to tailor the specifications of the contracts in the transaction to the risk exposure. Thus, these instruments could be used for a “perfect hedge.”